A whole step is the distance from one key to a key two half steps higher or lower. Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). So from D to D♯ is a half step. MINOR CHORDS. Constructing Major vs Minor Scales (Theory) Major Scale Formula. So from D to E is a whole step because it skips D♯. 1. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. Notes of C Minor Scale Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Blues Scale. Play the notes in the number order shown below. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. Once you feel comfortable understanding the formula for a Major Scale and the chord formula for a Major Chord, you can start looking at other types of chords such as minor chords. By Desi Serna . Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. Mode Formulas: How the “Church Modes” Are Made Major Scale Review. A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. In classical music the Melodic minor scale is played going up and the natural minor scale is played going down. E minor Guitar Scale 2. This scale has neither seven or five notes – Instead, it has six. The A Minor scale consists of seven notes. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. This should be review, but a half step is the distance from one key to the very next. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. Super Locrian is often used in jazz over an Altered Dominant chord (b9, #9, b5, #5, #11, b13) Melodic Minor w h w, w w w h 1 w 2 h b3 w 4 w 5 w 6 This guitar scale reference contains the notes, formula, structure, positions, chords, and modes for the C Minor scale. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. In another lesson, we looked at the pattern of steps that allows us to form the major scale from a possible twelve notes.We also experimented with shifting the order of this pattern, and came up with the minor scale. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. For an in-depth lesson on the major scale, see Minor Scale Positions & Theory. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. In order to understand this scale, we need to understand the structure of the minor scale a little bit better. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. The A Minor is relative to C Major. 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